As widely known, fleas are ectoparasites common to most dogs and cats worldwide. It is responsible for a skin infection known as flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) in dogs and cats globally. This infection accounts for over 50% of all reported dermatological cases reported to veterinary doctors.
Ticks are also very well-known ectoparasites (external parasites). they rank second just after mosquitoes as human disease vector. They are both infectious and highly toxic parasites. It is a vector of so many diseases, one of it being Lyme disease. Rather than cure disease due to ticks infections, it is best for pet owners to control and prevent their dogs from coming in contact with this parasite as much as they can.
In a situation where your dog contracts any of these two parasites, this article has been written to compare and contrast the available medications to cure them of this deadly parasite. Presently there are three significant medications to flea and tick-related diseases as listed below.
Just like powders, shampoos, and spot-on treatments, topical flea, and tick medication eliminate fleas with varying degrees of success. For instance, shampoos kill fleas for about 24 hours while Flea powders last up to one week. One interesting fact about these two forms of medication is that both eliminate only adult fleas, and are best combined with pills or other treatment options available if a long-lasting solution is desired.
On the other hand, Topical spot-on treatments are proven to be the most effective, destroying adult fleas, larvae & eggs, and other parasites, and lasting about a month or a little more.
Topical treatments are specific to either dogs or cats if otherwise it would be clearly stated.
Flea pills typically deliver the most successful in fighting off ectoparasites, but there are a few factors to consider when choosing this mode of treatment as it comes with some side effects. They are administered orally with a specific prescription from your vet doctor. Oral pills majorly target either flea eggs or adult fleas, but not both, this implies that you might have to pick up some other drugs to be used alongside to eradicate this infestation. Up until this moment, there are no pills that can destroy ticks.
These can be chewable and not necessarily have your dog swallow them. They can eliminate these pests within four hours.
This variety of collars are different from the conventional ones; they sometimes contain chemicals that can be released on the body of your dog to kill any form of infestation on it. Flea and tick collars are often used to prevent parasites. Flea and tick collars are ideal for treating tick problems and can last up to eight months. Because collars are fastened around the neck, they are more concentrated around the face and neck area, where ticks more often inhabit.